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Weekly Digest - October 15, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

Philly Teachers Say They Give Enough
Facing calls for them to make the “sacrifice” of paying more for health care, Philadelphia teachers responded to the School Reform Commission’s Oct. 6 cancellation of their contract by saying they already send hundreds of dollars a year buying supplies. Kindergarten teacher Sharnae Wilson bought her own copier because her school's machine doesn't always work, as well as paper, notebooks, folders, books, crayons, and weekly educational magazines for the 29 kids in her class. "It's only October and I've already spent $500," said Wilson, a teacher for 15 years. "I usually spend close to $2,000 every year. I buy all the necessities—the parents don't have means, so I spend a lot." She says she will now have to pay $600 a month for health care. Read more

Wisconsin Denies Minimum-Wage Increase
Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker's administration has rejected an effort to use a little-known state law to raise the minimum wage from $7.25 an hour. Wisconsin Jobs Now, a liberal group, and 100 workers had asked the state labor department to raise it, citing a requirement that the minimum “shall not be less than a living wage,” defined as “reasonable comfort, reasonable physical well-being, decency, and moral well-being.” The department denied the request Oct. 6, saying it “has determined that there is no reasonable cause to believe that the wages paid to the complainants are not a living wage.” Read more

Nurses Union Warns That Hospitals Aren’t Ready for Ebola
Members of National Nurses United rallied in Oakland, California Oct. 12 to warn that the nation's hospitals aren't properly prepared to handle cases of Ebola fever. "We're seeing that caregivers who are not being adequately trained are being blamed," said Katy Roemer, a registered nurse for more than 20 years. The union said a survey of more than 1,900 registered nurses at more than 750 hospitals found that 76% reported that their hospital has not communicated an official policy regarding Ebola patients, and 37% said their hospital had insufficient supplies of eye protection or fluid-resistant gowns. Read more

RI Unions in Court to Preserve Pensions
A coalition of more than 175 Rhode Island public workers’ unions will be back in court Oct. 17 on their lawsuit challenging the state’s 2011 pension cuts, which suspended cost-of-living increases for retirees. The union contends that the cuts are illegal because they violate an implied contract with the state, and the judge agreed that they had a valid case. State Treasurer Gina Raimondo, the Democratic candidate for governor, is seeking to have the case decided by a jury, while the unions want a judge to rule on it. Read more

NY Teachers Challenge Common Core Gag Order
The New York State United Teachers filed a lawsuit against the state Education Department in federal court Oct. 8, contending that the state law banning teachers from talking about the questions on Common Core-based tests is unconstitutional. "If teachers believe test questions are unfair or inappropriate, they should be able to say so without fear of dismissal or losing their teaching license," NYSUT President Karen Magee said in a statement. Read more

D.C. Unions Back Marijuana-Legalization Initiative
Three major labor groups in Washington, DC—the Service Employees International Union, United Food and Commercial Workers Local 400, and D.C. Working Families—announced Oct. 14 that they were endorsing a Initiative 71, a ballot measure that would let people 21 of over possess up to two ounces of marijuana in the city. The legalization of marijuana in Washington State and Colorado has created living-wage jobs and generated tax revenue, said Local 400 President Mark P. Federici, while prohibition has caused “significant damage” to “communities of color within the District of Columbia.” The initiative would not set up a legal sales system, but would let adults grow up to six plants. Read more

Teamsters Win Raises in Tampa Suburbs
Teamsters Local 79 members in Tampa’s Pasco County suburbs on Oct. 13 almost unanimously ratified a one-year contract that will give almost all county employees longevity-based raises. The new salary scale is based on a study that found at least a third of all county workers were underpaid—so customer-service specialists could get $3,000 to $9,500 more a year, while electricians could get a $5.41 an hour raise. The deal also sets a $9.64 “living wage” minimum for county workers, above Florida’s $7.93 minimum. Read more

Obama Orders 2nd Emergency Board for Philly Trains
President Barack Obama on Oct. 12 called for the formation of a presidential emergency board to mediate between the Southeast Pennsylvania Transit Authority and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. The move, requested by SEPTA, will prevent a strike by the engineers on Philadelphia-area commuter-rail trains for 120 days while negotiations continue. The board will be the second formed by Obama in four months; in June, he called for one to avert a strike by the Engineers and the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. Read more

Detroit Hospital to Outsource 565 Custodial Jobs
The Detroit Medical Center has officially announced plans to lay off 565 custodial employees in December, when it will hire a new contractor for housekeeping services at seven area hospitals. The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, which represents about 300 of the workers being laid off, has filed a lawsuit to stop the hospital from seeking a new contractor, alleging that it’s trying to avoid bargaining with the union by switching to a nonunion vendor. Read more

Home Health-Care Aides’ Campaign Goes National
Home health-care aides work in the nation’s fastest-growing job and one of its lowest-paying—so they’re joining a national campaign to raise their pay to $15 an hour and gain union representation. The Service Employees International Union, which is backing the effort, hopes it can replicate fast-food workers “Fight for 15” campaign. “It’s not right, because these people that are getting more than us, they don’t do half the work we do, or deal with half the situations we have to deal with,” says Lynette Reece of Washington. “So why can’t we get paid?” The Obama administration announced Oct. 7 that it would delay enforcing a new requirement that home-care workers be paid the minimum wage and overtime for at least six months. Read more

Weekly Digest - September 17, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

AFSCME Calls Scott Walker Top Target
Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker is a top target for the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees in this November’s election, union president Lee Saunders told the Washington Post. “We have a score to settle with Scott Walker,” Saunders said in an interview published Sept. 10. “He stole our voices, in a state where we were born.” AFSCME, which was founded in Madison in 1932, is planning a massive canvassing and phone-banking operation to help elect Democrat Mary Burke. A Walker campaign spokeswoman called it an effort by “union bosses.” Read more

Jersey AFL-CIO Accuses Christie of Pension ‘Pay-to-Play’
Financial firms that contribute to Gov. Chris Christie and the Republican Party are getting a disturbing share of contracts to manage New Jersey’s pension funds, the state AFL-CIO alleged in a complaint filed Sept. 12 with the State Ethics Commission. The union says management fees paid to such companies, including the Blackstone Group and the Carlyle Group, have more than tripled under Christie, to $398 million last year. State ethics rules require a two-year wait before campaign donors can get pension-management contracts. “We urge the State Ethics Commission to investigate this pay-to-play scheme on behalf of taxpayers who are footing the bill for this abuse and pensioneers being shortchanged of their retirement funds,” said New Jersey AFL-CIO President Charles Wowkanech.
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VW Global Labor Groups Back UAW in Tennessee
Unions representing Volkswagen workers around the world are backing the United Auto Workers’ renewed efforts to represent workers at the company’s plant in Chattanooga, Tennessee. The endorsement came in a statement released Sept. 10 by members of VW’s global “works council,” including Germany's IG Metall union and the global union umbrella group IndustriALL. VW wants to set up a works council at the Chattanooga factory, and would have to do it with a union under U.S. law. Some workers who opposed joining a union when the UAW lost a vote there in February have tried to form a rival group. Read more

Letter Carriers Honor 9 Heroes
The National Association of Letter Carriers named nine members “Heroes of the Year” Sept. 10. The honorees included Illinois letter carriers Cristy Perfetti and Steve Plunkett, who foiled a knife-wielding pedophile’s attempt to kidnap a 10-year-old boy outside the post office in Peoria, and Jermaine George of Greenwich, Connecticut, who was on his way to work when his apartment building caught fire, and climbed up onto a roof to catch and save two 11-month-old babies that his neighbor dropped from the third-floor fire escape. Read more

Nevada Union Wants Local Workers at Tesla Plant
A bill introduced in the Nevada Legislature Sept. 10 would give the Tesla electric-car company $1.3 billion in tax breaks while requiring that half the estimated 9,000 workers who will build and run its planned battery factory are state residents. State AFL-CIO director Danny Thompson criticized the bill for not requiring that construction workers be paid the prevailing wage, saying that any development getting that much in tax breaks should be considered a public-works project. He also worried that Tesla could bring in out-of-state workers who could easily evade the residency requirement. The plant is slated for an isolated area southeast of Reno. Read more

Boston UNITE HERE Recruits Black Workers
Boston’s UNITE HERE Local 26 has launched a training program intended to attract Afro-American workers to hotel jobs that start at $18 an hour plus benefits. The four-week program is part of an initiative to reduce unemployment among black Bostonians and meet the growing demand in the hotel industry for workers who are fluent in English. Immigrants have largely supplanted Afro-Americans as workers in the area’s hotels; more than five-sixths of the union’s current trainees speak English as a second language. Some hotel managers, said Local 26 president Brian Lang, seem to believe immigrants have a stronger work ethic and are “less likely to know and assert their rights in this country.” Read more

Study Estimates Wage Theft at $50 Billion a Year
Wage theft might cost American workers as much as $50 billion a year, says a report released Sept. 11 by the Economic Policy Institute. The group found that in an average week, two-thirds of the low-wage workers it surveyed in New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago were cheated out of some pay. Few victims report wage theft and fewer win back pay, it noted, but the amount of stolen wages workers recovered in 2012 was more than $933 million—almost triple the amount reported taken in robberies that year. The maximum federal fine for failure to pay the minimum wage or for overtime is $1,100. Read more

Grain Agreement Ends Lockouts in Northwest Ports
Five International Longshore and Warehouse Union locals have approved a contract with grain companies in Portland, Oregon and Vancouver, Washington,  ending the lockouts of two locals that lasted more than a year. The 46-month deal includes raises, but the most important thing is that it maintains unionized grain terminals in the U.S., said Roger Boespflug, a former ILWU Local 23 president who represented his local in the negotiations. The union agreed to let management personnel do bargaining-unit jobs during a work stoppage, but beat back worse concessions. Columbia River and Puget Sound ports move over a quarter of all U.S. grain exports, including almost half of all wheat. Read more

Railroad Union Rejects One-Person Crews
The Sheet Metal, Air, Rail and Transportation Workers union announced Sept. 10 that its members had rejected a contract that would have allowed BNSF Railway to run trains with one-person crews. BNSF, owned by Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway Inc., operates tracks in most of the western U.S. and two Canadian provinces, and has “Positive Train Control” systems that can stop trains remotely installed on about 60 percent of its 32,500 miles of track. It wanted to be able to use one-person crews on those tracks, except for trains carrying hazardous materials. Railroad unions insist that two-person crews are safer. Read more

Unions Gain in the South
The labor movement is being reborn in the unlikeliest of places—the once union-averse South, says MaryBe McMillan of the North Carolina AFL-CIO. In late August and early September, North Carolina saw scores of farmworkers sign union cards, dozens of congregations across the state talking about the value of unions as part of the first annual Labor Sabbath, and workers and civil-rights leaders rallying for higher wages in Raleigh, Greensboro, and Charlotte on Labor Day. According to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics, the five states last year with the most growth in union membership were all in the South. This Southern revival has a distinctly evangelical zeal, McMillan says: Labor leaders together with clergy are claiming the moral high ground for economic justice. Read more

Weekly Digest - October 8, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

Philly Schools Cancel Teachers’ Contract
Philadelphia’s School Reform Commission unilaterally cancelled city teachers’ contract Oct. 6. The move, approved unanimously at a meeting held with virtually no public notice, means that the 15,000 teachers, counselors, nurses, secretaries, and others who are members of the Philadelphia Federation of Teachers will have to pay from $21 to $200 a month for health care starting in December, and retirees will lose prescription, dental, and vision benefits. The Philadelphia school district and the state Education Department also asked state courts to rule that the Commission, which took over running city schools in 2001, has the power to cancel union contracts, while PFT president Jerry Jordan vowed to fight that. Mayor Michael Nutter and Gov. Tom Corbett endorsed the action, but State Sen. Vincent Hughes (D-Philadelphia) called it “a war on the union.” Read more

Facebook’s Shuttle-Bus Drivers Want to Join Teamsters
More than half of the 40 shuttle-bus drivers who transport Facebook employees to the company’s headquarters in Silicon Valley have signed cards asking to be represented by Teamsters Local 853, according to union officials. The drivers, who work for a contractor, make $18 to $21 an hour, but have to work split shifts of 16 hours a day, from roughly 6 to 11 in the morning and 5:15 to 9:45 at night. “It is reminiscent of a time when noblemen were driven around in their coaches by their servants,” Northern California Teamsters leader Rome Aloise wrote in an Oct. 2 letter to Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, asking him to get the bus contractor to accept the card check and negotiate a contract with the union. Read more

NLRB Pronounces Pickle-Placement Punishment Unfair Practice
A National Labor Relations Board administrative judge ruled Sept. 29 that the owner of 22 Detroit-area Burger King franchises had violated federal law by retaliating against workers who talked union—including sending one home early for failing to “put pickles on her sandwiches in perfect squares.” The woman was an organizer for D15, part of the Fast Food Forward network, and had been written up the day before for talking to coworkers about wages while she was off duty. The franchise owner, EYM King, argued that it was "plainly entitled" to bar workers from discussing wages, working conditions, or unions during work. A Burger King spokesperson responded that all “scheduling, wage, or other employment-related decisions” are made by franchisees. Read more

Supreme Court Eyes Amazon Wage-Theft Case
The Supreme Court will hear oral arguments Oct. 8 on Amazon warehouse workers’ claim that they should get paid for the time they have to wait after work to be searched for stolen goods. Jesse Busk and Laurie Castro, two temp workers at a Nevada warehouse, sued their agency, Integrity Staffing Solutions, in 2010, arguing that they were being cheated out of 25 minutes pay every day. The company claims that the screening is the equivalent of washing up or commuting, not “integral and indispensable” to the job, so they shouldn’t have to pay for it. The Justice and Labor Departments have filed an amicus brief supporting that position. Read more

Bankruptcy Judge Says City Can Cut Pensions
A federal judge on Oct. 1 ruled that the city of Stockton, California, could withdraw from the state’s pension system without paying a penalty. The system, known as Calpers, has said that if Stockton tried to resolve its bankruptcy by ceasing payments for city workers’ pensions, it would claim a $1.6 billion lien on the city’s assets. Judge Christopher M. Klein said Stockton could legally refuse to pay that, because bankruptcy law allows debtors to void contracts. The ruling does not order the city to cut pensions, but it echoes similar rulings in Detroit that public workers’ pensions don’t have any special protected status in a municipal bankruptcy. Read more

Canadian Bus Lockout Enters Third Week
Pensions are the key area of dispute in a lockout that has kept transit workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan off the job since Sept. 20. Talks between the city and Amalgamated Transit Union Local 615 continue, but the city council voted Sept. 22 to increase workers’ contributions to the pension plan, and union president Jim Yakubowski suspects the city may claim it can no longer afford to pay defined benefits. The Saskatchewan provincial labor-relations board will rule Oct. 14 on whether those changes are legal. Read more

Judge Nixes Trump Bid to End Pension Payments
Trump Entertainment Resorts can’t eliminate pensions yet at the Taj Mahal casino in Atlantic City, a Delaware bankruptcy judge ruled Oct. 3. The company has threatened to close the casino in mid-November and lay off its almost 3,000 workers if it doesn’t get concessions from UNITE HERE Local 54 and tax breaks from the city and state. Judge Kevin Gross said he would hold a hearing Oct. 14 on Trump’s request to terminate the entire collective-bargaining agreement. The union is arguing that because the contract expired last month, its terms remain in effect and the National Labor Relations Board has jurisdiction. Read more

Indiana Electrical Workers Strike
Around 330 employees at Schneider Electric’s Square D plant in Peru, Indiana went on strike Oct. 5 after rejecting a proposed three-year contract. Anthony Wickerstram, assisting business representative for the International Association of Machinists, said the deal didn’t offer a high enough pay raise for entry-level workers, and it would have also frozen pension benefits for employees. Workers at Schneider Electric’s plant in Oxford, Ohio, are also on strike over the contract. Read more

Walmart Eliminates Part-Timers’ Health Benefits
Walmart will stop offering health-insurance coverage to most of its part-time U.S. workers on Jan. 1, cutting off the about 30,000 “associates” who work less than an average of 30 hours a week. The company said its health-care costs for the year will be about 50% more than it projected, because it expected that more workers would sign up for Obamacare instead of enrolling in its insurance plans. It will also raise full-time workers’ premiums by about 20% and increase their copayments. Read more

Boeing to Build 777X Wing Assemblies in St. Louis
Boeing announced Oct. 6 that it would build significant sections of the new 777X plane’s wings and tail in St. Louis instead of Washington state. That means it won’t be done at the company’s Seattle-area plants, where the International Association of Machinists made major concessions last winter to keep production of the plane, but it will still be done in a union facility. “We had hoped the 777X wing tips would be placed here in Puget Sound because we have the skilled workers, composite center, and everything necessary to be successful on this work package,” Machinists District Lodge 751 President Jon Holden said in a statement. “Seeing Machinists Union members in St. Louis gain work is positive for members there, who are facing deep cuts in defense contracts, and the ending of longstanding assembly lines on the only products they build.” Read more

Weekly Digest - September 10, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

Pension Foe Wins RI Gov Primary
Rhode Island State Treasurer Gina M. Raimondo, who pushed through a 2011 law that raised the retirement age for state workers, cut their pension benefits, and suspended annual cost-of-living increases until the state’s retirement system is 80 percent funded, won the Democratic primary for governor Sept. 9. The former venture capitalist defeated Providence Mayor Angel Taveras and senator’s grandson Clay Pell. Labor divided on the race. Public-employee unions, who are challenging the pension cuts in court and accuse Raimondo of using them to enrich her Wall Street friends and possibly herself, mostly backed Taveras, but the two main teachers’ unions endorsed Pell, and several Laborers locals supported Raimondo. She will face Republican Allan W. Fung in November. Read more

AFL-CIO Warns Against TISA Trade Deal
An international agreement covering trade in services could undermine American workers’ wages and laws and programs from immigration reform to public transit, the AFL-CIO warns. The United States, the European Union, and several other nations are currently negotiating a proposal called the Trade in Services Agreement, or TISA. Not much is known about the details, because the negotiations have been largely secret, but a main purpose of the agreement will be removing “regulatory barriers to trade” in construction, education, telecommunications, and other services. “Instead of benefiting the public interest, this agreement seems positioned to serve the interests of private, for-profit corporations,” the federation says. Read more

Freezer Contractors Too Cold to Pay Prevailing Wage
Three Ironworkers locals have filed grievances with the National Labor Relations Board against two contractors building a giant freezer-storage facility in Richland, Washington. Ironworkers Local 14 and the others are charging that the contractors pay as little as $12 to $14 an hour, pay Latinos less than whites, won’t give workers breaks or safety training, and are refusing to hire union workers. “I'm not a union company, so I don't go down to the hall and hire local union guys,” the owner of one contractor said. Construction began in May on the Preferred Freezer Services storage facility, touted as “the largest public refrigerated warehouse in North America.” It will be finished next July. Read more

New Mexico City Raises Minimum Wage to $10.10
The Las Cruces, New Mexico City Council voted Sept. 8 to raise the city’s minimum wage to $10.10 an hour by January 2017. The Council previously voted to raise the minimum to $8 next January and $8.50 in 2016. The new law also covers tipped workers, who will get 60% of what nontipped workers make in the city of 100,000 people. "What we don't want is to become the low-wage capital of New Mexico. Right now, we're the largest city with the lowest minimum wage," said Sarah Nolan, head of Comunidades en Accion y de Fe. Read more

AFL-CIO Runs 'Koch Sister' Ads
To counter the anti-labor and anti-union laws and candidates backed by billionaire brothers Charles and David Koch, the AFL-CIO has launched an ad campaign starring pairs of women also named Koch. The first “Koch Sisters” spot, slated to run on CNN and MSNBC, will feature Karen Koch, a member of the Michigan Education Association, and Joyce Koch, a retired teacher from New Jersey. The ads are intended “to expose the destructiveness of unchecked money in politics, generally, and the Koch brothers, especially,” said AFL-CIO strategic advisor Eric Hauser. They will run heavily in Michigan, where the Koch brothers have spent millions of dollars attacking the Democratic senatorial candidate. Read more

UNITE HERE Says Airline Food Carts Vulnerable
Nearly one in four airline-catering workers say that unauthorized people could get into their kitchens and trucks or place contraband on food carts, according to a UNITE HERE report given to the Transportation Security Administration Sept. 8. The union, which represents 12,000 airline-catering workers nationwide, based those claims on a survey of 400 members working at 10 airports. "It's a big deal," said Jim Dupont, Unite Here's executive vice president of the food service division. "Our members are very concerned." To avoid security risks, the report recommends that subcontractors be certified and the use of temporary labor ended immediately. Read more

Discrimination Against Bikers Provokes Machinists’ Strike
Workers at Precision Custom Components in York, Pa., went out on strike Sept. 2, angry that the company has proposed increasing their health-insurance deductibles tenfold—and capping coverage at $50,000 for injuries sustained while riding motorcycles. About 50 of the 130 union workers ride, said one longtime employee. Earl Shue, president of International Association of Machinists Local 1403, said the idea could lead to further restrictions on what people do off the job. “Where's it going to stop?" he asked. "Jet skis, muscle cars, horseback riding?” Read more

Canadian Transit Workers Reject Contract
Transit workers in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan overwhelmingly rejected a proposed contract, saying that a 10% wage increase over four years was not enough to make up for the elimination of their defined-benefit pensions. Results released Sept. 5 showed that more than 90% of Amalgamated Transit Union 615’s members had voted against what the city called its final offer. The western Canadian city has said it has had a hard time attracting transit mechanics because their wages are too low, and one-sixth of its buses were out of service. Read more

N.Y., Illinois Praised for ‘Independent Contractor’ Enforcement
Illinois and New York are national leaders when it comes to curbing the misclassification of workers as “independent contractors,” at least on publicly financed projects, according to a study conducted by reporters for the McClatchy and ProPublica news services. The study found no cases of misclassification in the two states. In contrast, public-works projects in North Carolina and other Southern states have misclassification rates on approaching nearly 40 percent. New York and Illinois, the report said, have strengthened their laws against misclassification, established task forces that inspect worksites, and a strong union presence in the building trades. Read more

Fast-Food Strikes Boost Minimum-Wage Campaign
The multiple fast-food strikes around the nation over the last two years haven’t led to any unionized McDonald’s or Taco Bell franchises yet. But viewed as the spearhead of a broader living-wage movement, the walkouts organized by Fast Food Forward and bankrolled by the Service Employees International Union have managed to rewire how the public and politicians think about wages. In the two years since the movement began, 13 states and 10 local governments have increased their minimum wage, and San Francisco residents will vote on whether to raise theirs to $15 an hour in November. Read more

Weekly Digest - October 1, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

L.A. City Council OKs $15 Minimum for Hotel Workers
The Los Angeles City Council voted 12-3 on Sept. 24 to require the city’s large hotels to pay workers at least $15.37 an hour. It will go into effect next July for hotels with at least 300 rooms, and be extended to those with at least 150 rooms in 2016. It is expected to cover at least 40 hotels and 5,300 to 13,500 workers, although it exempts those where unions agree to take less. Mayor Eric Garcetti has said he will sign the measure, and also wants to raise the city’s overall minimum to $13.25 by 2017. "Our position is that we need to explicitly get to $15 an hour as soon as possible," said Maria Elena Durazo, head of the Los Angeles County Federation of Labor. Read more

Did Indiana Autoworkers Really Beat Two-Tier Contract?
Workers at the Lear car-seat factory in Hammond, Indiana celebrated winning a contract Sept. 14 that ended four years of two-tier wages—but then found out that some would be transferred to a new lower-paying plant. About two-thirds of the 450 workers who had been receiving the lower wages will be reclassified as “subassembly workers” and will make $4 to $6 an hour less than regular assembly workers, and about 130 of them will be moved to a new subassembly plant in nearby Portage. Those workers will have first priority to return to the Hammond plant as positions open up. Read more

Colorado Teachers’ Sickout Shuts Two Schools
Two Colorado high schools cancelled classes Sept. 29 after more than three-fourths of the teachers called in sick to protest a right-wing county school board’s proposed changes to the history curriculum and the way teachers are paid. Students have staged walkouts at several schools in the Jefferson County suburbs of Denver to protest the board’s attempts to have history taught in a way that promotes “respect for authority” and does not “encourage or condone… social strife,” but teachers are also irate that the board wants to base any pay increases on their perceived “effectiveness.” In nearby Douglas County, where a similar far-right faction took over the school board in 2009, teachers are now paid according to the “market value” of their subjects and grades. Read more

Machinists Move to Organize Delta
The International Association of Machinists has been pushing to organize the 20,000 flight attendants at Delta, where only pilots and dispatchers are union members. Flight attendants, fleet-service workers, and customer-service workers all voted against joining unions in 2010, after Delta merged with unionized Northwest, and the company launched an anti-union campaign. “Delta made a lot of promises during the merger,” said IAM spokesman Joe Tiberi. “Now, several years later, people have seen that those promises were not kept.” A win at the Atlanta-based airline would also be a victory for union organizing in the South, noted AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka. Read more

Fired Boston Hyatt Workers to Get $1M
Hyatt Hotels Corp. has agreed to pay $1 million to 98 housekeepers it fired from its three Boston-area hotels five years ago after they’d trained their replacements, contractors who were paid half as much. The settlement, announced Sept. 26, will also end a worldwide boycott organized by UNITE HERE Local 26, which backed the sacked workers even though they weren’t unionized. “I don’t think [Hyatt] could ever make up for what they did,” said one of the fired housekeepers. The deal comes as Hyatt is competing for the chance to run a 1,000-room hotel planned as part of the expansion of the city’s convention center. Read more

Devil’s Duo: Christie Campaigns for Walker
New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie traveled to Wisconsin Sept. 29 to help Gov. Scott Walker campaign for re-election, and both of them celebrated their attacks on public-employee unions. “Scott and I have had similar governorships,” Christie said at an appearance in Hudson, near the Minnesota border, adding that “big government union bosses from Washington D.C.” want to “make an example of him.” “We took their power,” Walker said. The Badger State union-buster is in a close race against Democrat Mary Burke, and six of his aides have been convicted of campaign-finance violations. Read more

San Diego Ironworkers Seek Back Pay
San Diego ironworkers demonstrated Sept. 25 outside the offices of Japanese-based developer North American Sekisui House, protesting wage theft by its rebar subcontractor Millennium Reinforcing. The mostly Latino workers, who are suing Millennium, told stories about not getting paid for overtime, getting surprise pay cuts, working more than 12 hours a day without legally mandated breaks, and being pressured not to report injuries. While they are not union members, they are being supported by Iron Workers Local 229. A bill to let wage-theft victims put liens on their employers’ property failed to pass the California state Senate in August. Read more

Seattle Hyatt Workers Demand Right to Unionize
More than 100 people picketed the front entrance of the Grand Hyatt Seattle on Sept. 25, organized by UNITE HERE Local 8. Workers at the city’s two Hyatt hotels say they are being denied a fair process to form a union, despite the national chain having agreed with UNITE HERE last year to allow one. Grand Hyatt management says there was no such agreement. Read more

Albany Convention Center Agrees to PLA
The Albany Convention Center Authority’s board voted unanimously on Sept. 26 to approve a project-labor agreement with local building-trades unions. The deal will cover both union and nonunion contractors on the planned Albany Capital Center, an 84,000-square-foot facility scheduled to be completed in the summer of 2016. It includes no-strike and no-lockout causes, and will let contractors change the workweek to four 10-hour days when there’s enough daylight. Read more

Package-Delivery Schemes Undercut Wages
The U.S. Postal Service in the San Francisco Bay Area has hired permatemps for an experimental program—delivering groceries for Amazon at 4 a.m. The workers, the lowest tier of union letter carriers, make $15-17 an hour and are issued miner-style headlamps so they can find their way in the dark. While the plan uses union postal workers, it’s one of numerous schemes by companies like Amazon, eBay, and Uber to speed up package delivery in densely populated, affluent city neighborhoods while paying lower wages than the Postal Service and UPS, hiring workers as “independent contractors,” and ignoring less profitable rural areas. The companies are also taking advantage of cuts to public postal services. Read more

Weekly Digest - September 3, 2014

Compiled by Steven Wishnia and Neal Tepel

Court Says FedEx Drivers Aren’t ‘Contractors’
FedEx can’t legally claim that its drivers are “independent contractors,” the federal Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled Aug. 27.  A three-judge panel in San Francisco held that because the company dictates details of the drivers’ jobs from the shelving in their vans to the kind of shoes and socks they can wear on the job, they are effectively employees and were illegally denied wages, benefits, and reimbursement for driving expenses. While the company’s operating agreement defines drivers as contractors, not employees, “calling a dog's tail a leg does not make it a leg,” Judge Stephen Trott wrote, quoting Abraham Lincoln. FedEx plans to appeal to the full Ninth Circuit. Read more

Indiana ‘Right to Work’ Law Upheld
Indiana’s 2012 law banning union shops does not violate either federal labor law or workers’ constitutional right to free speech, the federal Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Chicago held Sept. 2. The 2-1 ruling upheld a lower-court decision that dismissed an International Union of Operating Engineers local’s challenge. The IUOE and the Steelworkers, who have each won state court rulings against the law, may have better luck when the state Supreme Court rules in those cases. Because the law requires union members to “subsidize the people who choose not to pay,” IUOE lawyer Dale Pierson argues, it violates a provision in the state constitution that “no person's particular services shall be demanded without just compensation.” Read more

Temporary Jobs Reach Record High
Both the number of U.S. workers employed through temporary agencies and their proportion of the workforce have reached record highs: 2.87 million representing 2% of workers, according to the federal Bureau of Labor Statistics. And the growing industry has shifted from providing office workers to manufacturing and warehousing, says a report released Sept. 2 by the National Employment Law Project. About 75% of Fortune 500 companies now use temps to staff their warehouses, it said. The growth of temp work, said report coauthor Rebecca Smith, is creating an economy where “some of our nation’s largest and most profitable corporations” can get around providing “livable wages, benefits or job security for their workers” and “can lower standards for all workers” in that industry. Read more

Missouri to Vote on Teacher Tenure
An initiative on the Missouri state ballot this November would eliminate tenure for teachers hired in the future and limit their job security to three-year contracts. Constitutional Amendment 3, bankrolled by far-right billionaire Rex Sinquefield, would also require local schools to base decisions on which teachers get raises or rehired on “quantifiable student performance data”—test scores. Teachers’ unions—the National Education Association and its state chapter, the Missouri State Teachers Association, and the American Federation of Teachers—are leading the opposition. Sinquefield, little known outside Missouri, has also backed efforts to ban the union shop and replace the state income tax with a high sales tax. Read more

California Appeals to Protect Teacher Tenure
California Gov. Jerry Brown and state Attorney General Kamala D. Harris will appeal the June state court ruling that would end tenure and seniority protections for elementary-school teachers. The notice filed Aug. 30 said Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Rolf M. Treu had “declined to provide a detailed statement of the factual and legal bases for the ruling.” “We do not fault doctors when the emergency room is full,” state schools superintendent Tom Torlakson said in a release. “We do not criticize the firefighter whose supply of water runs dry. Yet while we crowd our classrooms and fail to properly equip them with adequate resources, those who filed and support this case shamelessly seek to blame teachers who step forward every day to make a difference for our children.” Read more

New Mexico's Chileros Win State Minimum Wage
Chile pickers in New Mexico have won the right to be paid the state’s minimum wage of $7.50 an hour, a quarter more than the federal minimum. The state raised its minimum in 2009, but exempted small farms, and the contractors who hire farmworkers have paid at the lower rate regardless of farm size. The change came almost a year after an Albuquerque lawyer and farmworker-rights activist informed the state labor department about the discrepancy. Workers who arrive in the fields before dawn are still not paid for the time they spend waiting for it to be light enough to work.
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New England Phone Workers Threaten Strike
More than 1,700 workers at FairPoint Communications in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont have authorized a strike after management imposed its final offer Aug. 28. That would enable the company to hire temporary contract workers, freeze pensions, and charge workers for their health benefits and cut them off when they retire. FairPoint bought Verizon’s landlines in the area from Verizon in 2007, and contracts with the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the Communications Workers of America expired Aug. 2. “We get that FairPoint doesn't have the deep pockets that Verizon had. But we just want to come up with something that's fair and equitable,” said Pete McLaughlin, chairman of the unions' bargaining committee. Read more

Michigan Teachers Try to Retain Members
With about three-fourths of Michigan teachers’ contracts falling under the state’s so-called “right-to-work” law on Sept. 1, the Michigan Education Association spent much of August campaigning to hold onto its 112,000 members. “If I don't stand up and stay in my union, then we don't have a voice," said Chandra Madafferi, a high-school health teacher and local president in Novi, a Detroit suburb. Meanwhile, the Koch brothers’ front group Americans for Prosperity bought a full-page ad in the Detroit Free Press urging teachers to quit the union, and the anti-union Mackinac Center sent them postcards reminding them they had until Aug. 31 to opt out. Read more

Daimler to Pay $480 Million to UAW Retirees
The German vehicle manufacturer Daimler has agreed to pay $480 million to a trust fund to cover health care for its retired truck workers in the U.S., according to documents filed on Aug. 25 in federal court in Memphis, Tennessee. A group of retirees and the United Auto Workers union had accused the company of illegally cutting their benefits. The fund will finance a post-retirement health-care plan for current and recently retired workers represented by the UAW.
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Teamsters Oppose Food-Distributor Merger
The International Brotherhood of Teamsters has spoken out against the proposed merger of two of the nation’s largest commercial food distributors. The $8.2 billion deal between Sysco Corp. and US Foods would “result in significant job loss for our members” and create “a virtual market monopoly in every market in the continental U.S.,” Teamsters vice president Steve P. Vairma, director of the union’s warehouse division, said Aug. 29. The Teamsters, who represent about 11,500 drivers and warehouse workers at the two firms, say the merged company would control 70% of the market for distributing food to restaurants and institutional clients. Both companies say their share is much less.
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